|Ayman al-Zawahiri أيمن الظواهري|
|Allegiance||Egyptian Islamic Jihad (1980–1998) Al-Qaeda (1988–present)|
|Years of service||1980–present|
|Rank||General Emir of Al-Qaeda|
In the summer of 1988, in the University Town neighborhood of Peshawar, Pakistan, Osama bin Laden founded Al Qaeda, which means “the Base,” in Arabic. As a calling card for terror or revolution, the name lacked pizzazz. Bases are safe places, not threatening ones.
Al Qaeda (AQ) is one of the most powerful terrorist organizations in the world, with a long history and a global reach. It is composed of a core group of operatives and leadership largely based in Pakistan and Afghanistan and maintains relationships with a number of affiliate organizations around the world.
Bin Laden is most well known for his role in masterminding the September 11 attacks, which resulted in the deaths of nearly 3,000 people and prompted the United States, on the orders of President George W. Bush, to initiate the "War on Terror" and the subsequent War in Afghanistan.
Based on the evidence, authorities in the United States quickly asserted that Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaeda organization were solely responsible for the attacks, and other suspects were ruled out. The Government of the United Kingdom reached the same conclusion.
It commemorates the victims of the attack on the Pentagon, which was struck by a Boeing 757 commercial airliner hijacked by five al-Qaeda terrorists on September 11, 2001, killing 184 people (excluding the hijackers). The memorial specifically honors the five individuals for whom no identifiable remains were found.
The incident marks the largest loss of life of any emergency response agency in history, according to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. The 343 FDNY firefighters killed in the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center's Twin Towers hailed from 75 firehouses across the city.
On August 26, 1995, at 0331 hours, the City of New York (NY) Fire Department was called to respond to a report of smoke at the St. George Hotel in Brooklyn. This was to become one of the largest fires and fire operations in the city`s history.
the North Tower
|September 11 attacks|
|Date||September 11, 2001 8:46 – 10:28 a.m. (EDT)|
During the September 11, 2001 attacks, 2,977 people were killed, 19 hijackers committed murder–suicide, and more than 6,000 others were injured. Of the 2,996 total deaths (including the terrorists), 2,763 were in the World Trade Center and the surrounding area, 189 were at the Pentagon, and 44 were in Pennsylvania.
They determined the fires to be the main cause of the collapses, finding that sagging floors pulled inward on the perimeter columns, causing them to bow and then to buckle. Once the upper section of the building began to move downwards, a total progressive collapse was unavoidable.
7:59 a.m.: American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767 carrying 81 passengers and 11 crew members, departs 14 minutes late from Logan International Airport in Boston, bound for Los Angeles International Airport. Five hijackers are on board.
|Passengers||37 (including 4 hijackers)|
|Fatalities||44 (including 4 hijackers)|
Svonavec, Inc. owned a 275-acre (111 ha) parcel, which was a reclaimed strip-mine. Michael Svonavec, working with appraiser Randall Bell, submitted a letter to the National Park Service in November 2003 with plans to build a museum and visitor's center on his land.
Flight 93 is a 2006 television film, directed by Peter Markle, which chronicles the events onboard United Airlines Flight 93 during the September 11 attacks in 2001. It premiered on January 30, 2006, on the A&E Network and was re-broadcast several times throughout 2006.
Todd Morgan Beamer (November 24, 1968 – September 11, 2001) was an American passenger aboard United Airlines Flight 93, which was hijacked and crashed as part of the September 11 attacks in 2001. He was one of the passengers who attempted to regain control of the aircraft from the hijackers.