A hawk will eat just about anything. Their most common food is small mammals, such as mice, rats, rabbits, voles, and squirrels. But they don't stop there. Hawks also feast on snakes, lizards, frogs, insects, and many more.
The largest hawk there is, the Ferruginous Hawk, can eat as much as 180 grams of meat each day. But a smaller hawk such as the Cooper Hawk can go a day and a half without eating after getting just 90 grams of meat. It's important to note that hawks do not eat one consistent amount every day.
Hawks can catch and eat anything that is smaller than them. They hunt small animals like rabbits, squirrels, frogs, and turtles. Snakes, lizards, fish and poultry are also delicious treats for them. They also feed on aerial insects and other mammals.
Hawks and their cousins are opportunistic animals, so dogs, puppies, cats, kittens, ferrets, guinea pigs, ducks, rabbits, and chickens are all at stake. Fiercely protective of their nests, these formidable birds are also known to attack larger animals, and even humans on occasion.
Now you know that hawks do indeed have predators. They're most afraid of owls, eagles and even crows. Snakes and raccoons also pose a problem for any nesting hawks as they like to steal the eggs.
Although not the target of many hunts, adult owls can find themselves victims, nonetheless. Hawks, eagles, and even other owls can sometimes prey on owls, but this is usually born out of a territory dispute.
Red-tailed hawks mostly hunt mammals—such as voles, mice, wood rats, ground squirrels, rabbits, snowshoe hares and jackrabbits. But they will also eat birds, carrion and snakes—even ones weighing more than five pounds.
While hawks won't go out of their way to attack and eat a cat, particularly since cats are generally larger than their normal prey, they will go after a cat if they are hungry enough and have the opportunity. But there are some procedures to prevent this from happening, and rest assured it is a rare occurrence.
Crows are agile creatures and would be very difficult to catch in flight. So a hawk typically ignores the crows or flies away. The answers from the bird researchers about what hawks or eagles would do if eggs or babies were in the nest were especially interesting.
They aren't so small. A red-tailed hawk or eagle certainly has the talons and strength to reach out and grab a crow with its talons. A crow certainly would be a large enough prey to feed their young.
But with a bit of practice, you can tell them apart. You probably know that ravens are larger, the size of a Red-tailed Hawk.
Its most common prey are small mammals, including squirrels and rabbits, but will also eat smaller birds, fish, or reptiles. Interestingly, the red tailed hawk and the great horned owl feeds off similar prey, so competition between the two birds often occurs during twilight when both species are out hunting.
Hawks get most of the water that they need from eating their prey, though hawks are sometimes observed drinking water.
Birds of prey, like hawks, are only carnivores, which means they only consume meat so no plants or vegetables for these raptors!
They have the unique ability among hawks to plunge-dive into the water, feet first, to as deep as one meter to capture the fish that constitute virtually their entire diet. They do this in both fresh and salt waters, from the Arctic to the tropical seas.
Other Buteos, such as the very common red-tailed hawk may have a more varied diet that includes reptiles, amphibians and small mammals. Rarely do any of these commonly seen hawks eat fish.
Hawks do eat pond fish and they will wait by the sides.
There are, of course, several possible culprits when it comes to eating koi right out of your pond. Raccoons, egrets, herons, cats, snakes, dogs, and even hawks or owls, have been known to catch koi and eat them. Here are a few helpful hints to figure out who your hunter is, so you keep your fish safe.
“Chickenhawks” is the most commonly referred to on farms and homesteads and are perhaps the most deadly duck predator. While a hawk is not large enough and strong enough to carry off a mature large breed of duck, they can easily shred their back with the sharp talons on their feet and attempt to fly away with them.
He looks and acts just like one, as you can see here in the video below. He is standing over a large salmon carcass, just like a Bald Eagle would and he's eating the decaying flesh. Red-tailed Hawks like to eat voles and rabbits etc.