Neurodegenerative diseases affect millions of people worldwide. Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are the most common neurodegenerative diseases. As of a 2021 report, the Alzheimer's Disease Association estimates that the number of Americans with Alzheimer's disease could be as many as 6.2 million.
A disease in which the function or structure of the affected tissues or organs changes for the worse over time. Osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer disease are examples.
Degeneration, such as Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington chorea, and Alzheimer disease.
Nervous system diseases
Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview.
Here are six common neurological disorders and ways to identify each one.
Apr 5, 2021
Brain imaging and studies have shown that fibromyalgia is a disorder of the central nervous system. "It's a neurological disease driven by the central nervous system," says Clauw.
Chronic neurological diseases — Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, dystonia, ALS (Lou Gehrig's disease), Huntington's disease, neuromuscular disease, multiple sclerosis and epilepsy, to mention only a few — afflict millions of Americans worldwide and account for tremendous morbidity and mortality.
Neurological disorders are medically defined as disorders that affect the brain as well as the nerves found throughout the human body and the spinal cord. Structural, biochemical or electrical abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or other nerves can result in a range of symptoms.
These include Sjogren's syndrome, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and vasculitis. Diabetes. This is the most common cause. Among people with diabetes, more than halfwill develop some type of neuropathy.
Some serious conditions, diseases, and injuries that can cause nervous system problems include: Blood supply problems (vascular disorders). Injuries (trauma), especially injuries to the head and spinal cord. Problems that are present at birth (congenital).
Types of neuromuscular disorders include:
Neuromuscular diseases affect the function of muscles due to problems with the nerves and muscles in your body. The most common sign of these diseases is muscle weakness.
Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. In muscular dystrophy, abnormal genes (mutations) interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscle. There are many kinds of muscular dystrophy.
Myositis (my-o-SY-tis) is a rare type of autoimmune disease that inflames and weakens muscle fibers. Autoimmune diseases occur when the body's own immune system attacks itself. In the case of myositis, the immune system attacks healthy muscle tissue, which results in inflammation, swelling, pain, and eventual weakness.
Several autoimmune diseases can cause joint pain and other symptoms that mimic rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These diseases most commonly include lupus, systemic scleroderma, and polymyalgia rheumatic.
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with muscle weakness (9) and is common in elderly people (10).
5 Diseases Caused by the Lack of Nutrition
Osteomalacia refers to a marked softening of your bones, most often caused by severe vitamin D deficiency. The softened bones of children and young adults with osteomalacia can lead to bowing during growth, especially in weight-bearing bones of the legs. Osteomalacia in older adults can lead to fractures.
Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency