Graves' disease is caused by a malfunction in the body's disease-fighting immune system. It's unknown why this happens. The immune system normally produces antibodies designed to target a specific virus, bacterium or other foreign substance.
With Graves' disease, your immune system attacks your thyroid gland, causing it to make more thyroid hormones than your body needs. As a result, many of your body's functions speed up. The thyroid is a small gland in your neck that makes thyroid hormones.
Graves' disease is rarely life-threatening. However, without treatment, it can lead to heart problems and weak and brittle bones. Graves' disease is known as an autoimmune disorder. That's because with the disease, your immune system attacks your thyroid — a small, butterfly-shaped gland at the base of your neck.
Graves' disease is an autoimmune condition where your immune system mistakenly attacks your thyroid which causes it to become overactive. The cause of Graves' disease is unknown, but it mostly affects young or middle-aged women and often runs in families. Smoking can also increase your risk of getting it.
Graves' disease is a lifelong condition. However, treatments can keep the thyroid gland in check. Medical care may even make the disease temporarily go away (remission): Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers, such as propranolol and metoprolol, are often the first line of treatment.
What Is the Life Expectancy for Graves' Disease? Graves' disease itself is rarely life-threatening, but it can lead to serious heart problems, weak bones, breakdown of muscle, eye disease, and skin disease. These complications may decrease normal life expectancy.
Thionamides, such as methimazole and propylthiouracil, and I iodine ablation are the most commonly prescribed treatment for Graves' disease. Total thyroidectomy is often overlooked for treatment and is usually only offered if the other options have failed.
Cases of Graves' eye disease are often mild and resolve in time. Medication or surgery may be required and can counter the symptoms of active TED. Advances in treatments are available to help you get back to feeling like yourself again.
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Chemosis is swelling of the tissue that lines the eyelids and surface of the eye (conjunctiva). Chemosis is swelling of the eye surface membranes because of accumulation of fluid. This symptom is often related to an allergic response.
Hold the mirror in your hand, focusing on the lower front area of your neck, above the collarbones, and below the voice box (larynx). Your thyroid gland is located in this area of your neck. While focusing on this area in the mirror, tip your head back. Take a drink of water and swallow.
Blood tests for your thyroid include:
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The fatigue can develop slowly or come on suddenly, leaving you barely able to lift your head off the pillow in the morning. You may feel like you can't get through a day without a nap. You may sleep more than usual but still feel completely exhausted. You may not even have the energy to exercise.
Some endocrine diseases, such as hypothyroidism, can lead to balance disturbances and thus cause dizziness by affecting the labyrinthic functions of the vestibular system. Inflammatory or metabolic changes in patients with thyroid disease may impact inner ear inflammation and endolymphatic flow homeostasis.
|hot flashes and night sweats||increased sensitivity to cold|
Hyperthyroidism may cause sensitivity to heat and excessive sweating, where a person suffering from hypothyroidism may struggle to keep warm at all. When the body's thyroid is working properly its cells will produce 65% energy and 35% heat.
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In your 40s, your menstrual periods may become longer or shorter, heavier or lighter, and more or less frequent, until eventually — on average, by age 51 — your ovaries stop releasing eggs, and you have no more periods. Surgery that removes the ovaries (oophorectomy).