Pregnant women who can't make enough insulin during late pregnancy develop gestational diabetes. Being overweight or obese is linked to gestational diabetes. Women who are overweight or obese may already have insulin resistance when they become pregnant. Gaining too much weight during pregnancy may also be a factor.
Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby's death either before or shortly after birth.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Diabetes means your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Too much glucose in your blood is not good for you or your baby. Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed in the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy.
Warning Signs of Gestational Diabetes
Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes usually goes away on its own and soon after delivery blood sugar levels return to normal, says Dr. Tania Esakoff, clinical director of the Prenatal Diagnosis Center. "There is no need for gestational diabetes to take away from the joys of pregnancy."
Conclusion: Women who develop GDM have higher gestational weight gain through 24 weeks. Gestational weight gain is a significant risk factor for GDM in the overweight or obese patient but not in patients who were underweight or had a normal BMI before pregnancy.
Most women who have gestational diabetes go on to have a healthy baby. However, you'll definitely be monitored more closely and you'll have extra ultrasound scans to make sure your baby doing OK. But yes: GD can increase your chances of having a baby who weighs more than 4.5kg (10lbs).
Eating sugary foods will not increase your risk for gestational diabetes. If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes it will be important to manage your carbohydrate intake to best manage your blood sugar levels. This would include managing your intake of sugary foods.
As water contains no carbohydrate or calories, it is the perfect drink for pregnant women. Studies have also shown that drinking water could help control glucose levels. Drink a large glass of water with every meal and another glass in between meals. "Water was key to keeping my glucose levels stable.
Gestational diabetes can develop in any woman who is pregnant. But women over the age of 25 who are of African, Asian, Hispanic, Native American or Pacific Island descent are at a higher risk. Other factors that may increase your chances of GD include: Heart disease.
Before you get pregnant, you may be able to prevent gestational diabetes by losing weight if you're overweight and getting regular physical activity. Don't try to lose weight if you're already pregnant. You'll need to gain some weight—but not too quickly—for your baby to be healthy.
For most women with gestational diabetes, the diabetes goes away soon after delivery. When it does not go away, the diabetes is called type 2 diabetes. Even if the diabetes does go away after the baby is born, half of all women who had gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes later.
In many cases, gestational diabetes can be treated with diet and exercise alone. In some cases, you may need to take oral medication such as metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza) or injectable insulin to lower your blood sugar.
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“Having gestational diabetes means more frequent appointments for non-stress testing, and we recommend you do fetal kick counts at home to make sure your baby is moving normally,” Elizabeth said. “You will also need detailed ultrasounds to monitor fetal growth and check for birth defects.”
Several systematic reviews suggest an association between maternal diabetes and lower IQ scores, language impairment and symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Unmanaged gestational diabetes can also cause the baby to have seriously low blood sugar upon birth. Another cause for concern is diabetic retinopathy in pregnant women. Retinopathy is an eye condition that can cause vision loss and even complete blindness if not treated.
Maternal diabetes [i.e. type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)] has been associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) in offspring [i.e. autism spectrum disorders, intellectual disability (ID) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder].
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