Inference is using observation and background to reach a logical conclusion. You probably practice inference every day. For example, if you see someone eating a new food and he or she makes a face, then you infer he does not like it. Or if someone slams a door, you can infer that she is upset about something.
1 : the act or process of reaching a conclusion about something from known facts. 2 : a conclusion or opinion reached based on known facts.
We define inference as any step in logic that allows someone to reach a conclusion based on evidence or reasoning. It's an informed assumption and is similar to a conclusion or a deduction. Inferences are important when reading a story or text. Learning to make inferences is a good reading comprehension skill.
What is inferencing? When you are making inferences, you are using your schema (background knowledge), and clues from the text to understand something that the author did not explicitly say. An example might be that a character is really looking forward to a certain event happening in a book.
How to Make an Inference in 5 Easy Steps
Jan 6, 2019
What Is It? Making an inference involves using what you know to make a guess about what you don't know or reading between the lines. Readers who make inferences use the clues in the text along with their own experiences to help them figure out what is not directly said, making the text personal and memorable.
When readers make an inference or draw a conclusion, they try understand by using clues from the text and what they know from previous experiences. The conclusion is reached after thinking about details and facts. Thoughtful readers synthesize and evaluate information based on prior knowledge.
Making an inference is a result of a process. It requires reading a text, noting specific details, and then putting those details together to achieve a new understanding.
And reasoning good readers infer by using what they already know prior knowledge along with clues inMoreAnd reasoning good readers infer by using what they already know prior knowledge along with clues in the text.
Observations occur when we can see something happening. In contrast, inferences are what we figure out based on an experience. Helping students understand when information is implied, or not directly stated, will improve their skill in drawing conclusions and making inferences.
Apr 27, 2020