If the sentence contains two independent clauses without a linking conjunction, it is a comma splice. For example, the sentence, “I went to the store today, we were out of apples,” contains a comma splice because the clauses before and after the comma are independent, and there is no conjunction to link them.
The president loves ice-cream sundaes. His favorite toppings are hot fudge and bananas. This is aMoreThe president loves ice-cream sundaes. His favorite toppings are hot fudge and bananas. This is a perfect example of a comma splice. The two parts of the sentence are independent clauses.
Commas (Eight Basic Uses)
Run-on sentences and comma splices are closely related errors. A run-on sentence occurs when multiple independent clauses are unpunctuated or lack connections in a single sentence, while a comma splice occurs when a comma is used to separate two independent clauses.
Comma splices are bad because commas are not strong enough to hold two independent clauses together, which results in a run-on sentence.
Fragments: lack subjects (main nouns) or predicates (main verbs), or may be a dependent clause which has not been joined to an independent clause. Comma splices: independent clauses joined with a comma. Fused sentences: independent clauses joined with no punctuation.
Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and Fragments
The simplest way to fix a comma splice is to separate the two improperly joined sentences. Simply replace the comma with a period. The two sentences may sound a bit abrupt placed one after the other, but at least they will be grammatical: I completed my essay.
The Oxford comma is the comma placed before the conjunction at the end of a list of things. For example, in “the flag was red, white, and blue”, the Oxford comma would be the one appearing before “and”. Proponents of the Oxford comma say it's necessary for removing ambiguity in sentences.
Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. a. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while.
The short answer is yes; there is nothing grammatically wrong with starting a sentence with a conjunction like but, and, or or.
When Do You Need a Comma Before But? You should put a comma before but only when but is connecting two independent clauses. I would go for a walk, but it's raining outside.
A comma before “if” is necessary when it comes after an introductory remark at the beginning of a sentence. We also need a comma when “if” is used after a mid-sentence transition phrase such as “for example” or “that is”.
2. Examples of Comma Use
Jan 14, 2019
Subordinating conjunctions that fall in the middle of a sentence are generally not preceded by a comma. This is the opposite of what is done with coordinating conjunctions, or words that join two independent clauses (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and sometimes so).
Coordinating conjunctions allow you to join words, phrases, and clauses of equal grammatical rank in a sentence. The most common coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so; you can remember them by using the mnemonic device FANBOYS. I'd like pizza or a salad for lunch.
An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb (he sings loudly), an adjective (very tall), another adverb (ended too quickly), or even a whole sentence (Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella). Adverbs often end in -ly, but some (such as fast) look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts.
English has seven coordinating conjunctions—for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so—which you can remember using the mnemonic FANBOYS: For indicates causation: “We left a day early, for the weather was not as clement as we had anticipated.”
What is a conjunction? Conjunctions are words that join together other words or groups of words. A coordinating conjunction connects words, phrases, and clauses of equal importance. The main coordinating conjunctions are and, or, and but.