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What exactly is type 2 diabetes?

2022-07-13 07:00:02
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What exactly is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

What is difference between Type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

What usually causes type 2 diabetes?

Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity

You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance and is common in people with type 2 diabetes. The location of body fat also makes a difference.

Is type 2 diabetes serious?

It is serious condition and can be lifelong. Having type 2 diabetes without treatment means that high sugar levels in your blood can seriously damage parts of your body, including your eyes, heart and feet. These are called the complications of diabetes.

Which is worse type 1 or 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is often milder than type 1. But it can still cause major health complications, especially in the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, nerves, and eyes. Type 2 also raises your risk of heart disease and stroke.

Can type 2 diabetes go away?

According to recent research, type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but individuals can have glucose levels that return to non-diabetes range, (complete remission) or pre-diabetes glucose level (partial remission) The primary means by which people with type 2 diabetes achieve remission is by losing significant amounts of ...

What is normal blood sugar by age?

Normal blood glucose levels for adults, without diabetes, is 90 to 110 mg/dL. Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugar here.
...
Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents.
Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents
Age 6-12mg/dL
Fasting80-180
Before meal90-180
1-2 hours after eatingUp to 140

What is a good diet for a diabetic?

Cut back on fried foods, sweets, sugary drinks, and anything salty or fatty. Focus instead on lots of veggies, with whole grains, lean protein, low-fat dairy, fruit, and healthy fats. You may need to eat every few hours to keep your blood sugar levels steady.

Can walking cure diabetes?

Research studies have shown that walking can be beneficial in bringing down blood glucose and therefore improving diabetes control. In a study involving people with type 1 diabetes, participants were assigned to either take a 30 minute walk after eating or have the same meal but remain inactive.

Which exercise is best for diabetes?

Walking — Because anyone can do it almost anywhere, walking is the most popular exercise and highly recommended for people with diabetes. Spending 30 minutes of brisk walking, five times each week is a great way to increase your physical activity.

How much water should a diabetic drink daily?

If you're living with diabetes, you should drink plenty of fluids — about 1.6 liters (L) or 6.5 cups per day for women; and 2 L or 8.5 glasses per day for men.

How much should I walk after dinner?

Usually, 10 minutes of walking after each meal is sufficient for your body. This accounts for 30 minutes of walking every day, 10-minute each after breakfast, lunch and dinner. As per your need, you can increase it to 15 minutes each, but avoid going overboard with it.

Is it better to walk on an empty stomach?

Walking first thing in the morning on an empty stomach is one of the best tips on how to naturally jump start and boost your metabolism. In addition to jump starting your day first thing in the morning, it also naturally boosts your metabolism which helps you burn more calories throughout the day.

Is it better to walk in the morning or at night?

Walking in the Morning

Studies have shown that working out at 7 A.M. can help you alter your body clock for the better. You'll be more vigorous in the morning and fall asleep earlier in the evening, making sure you get the right amount of rest each night.

Is it better to take a walk before or after you eat?

In simple terms, working out before meal amplifies your body's metabolism which leads to better burn up of calories once we consume and digest our food. Hence it is proved that in order to reap maximum benefits out of brisk walking, we need to plan it before our meal.

What not to do after eating?

5 things you should not do after a full meal.

  1. No sleeping. On some weekends, I plunge into bed after lunch. ...
  2. No smoking. It is said that smoking after a meal is equivalent to smoking 10 cigarettes. ...
  3. No bathing. Bathing after a meal delays digestion. ...
  4. No fruits. Different foods digest at different speeds. ...
  5. No tea.

Is it good to sleep after eating?

Your body gains weight when you take in more calories than you are burning off. This is the case no matter when you eat. Going to sleep directly after you eat means your body doesn't get a chance to burn off those calories. And, eating a big meal and then hitting the couch can be just as harmful.

How long should you sit after eating?

Slouching or, even worse, lying down right after eating can encourage food to move back up and out of your stomach into your esophagus. Remaining upright and avoiding positions in which you're leaning back for two to three hours after a large meal will minimize the risk for heartburn, Dr. Saha advises.

What sleeping position is best for digestion?

While you sleep on your left side at night, gravity can help take waste on a trip through the ascending colon, then into the transverse colon, and finally dump it into the descending colon — encouraging a trip to the bathroom in the morning.

Why we should not take bath after eating?

Avoid Taking a Shower

Taking a shower or a bath after eating dinner can interfere with the process of digestion. Digestion requires a lot of energy and a good amount of blood flow toward the stomach. When you take a bath or shower right after eating dinner, it causes a slight decrease in body temperature.

What to do immediately after eating?

5 things to do after eating a large meal

  1. Take a 10-minute walk. “A walk outside can help clear your mind and also help improve blood sugar levels,” says Smith. ...
  2. Relax and don't stress out. Don't be too hard on yourself, particularly if it's a one-time occurrence. ...
  3. Drink water. ...
  4. Take a probiotic. ...
  5. Plan your next meal.