Race is defined as “a category of humankind that shares certain distinctive physical traits.” The term ethnicities is more broadly defined as “large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background.”
The term 'racism' is often poorly understood. The Oxford Dictionary defines it as, "Prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one's own race is superior." However, this is a simplified explanation of a complex issue.
A race is a categorization of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into groups generally viewed as distinct within a given society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language, and then to denote national affiliations.
Racism, also called racialism, is the belief that humans can be divided into separate and exclusive biological entities called “races"; that there is a causal link between inherited physical traits and traits of personality, intellect, morality, and other cultural and behavioral features; and that some races are ...
The most recent United States Census officially recognized five racial categories (White, Black or African American, Asian American, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander) as well as people of two or more races.
racial segregation, the practice of restricting people to certain circumscribed areas of residence or to separate institutions (e.g., schools, churches) and facilities (parks, playgrounds, restaurants, restrooms) on the basis of race or alleged race.
Eventually, the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act made racial segregation and discrimination illegal.
While some scholars maintain that residential segregation has continued—some sociologists have termed it "hypersegregation" or "American Apartheid"—the US Census Bureau has shown that residential segregation has been in overall decline since 1980.
Black schools were overcrowded, with too many students per teacher. More black schools than white had only one teacher to handle students from toddlers to 8th graders. Black schools were more likely to have all grades together in one room. There were not enough desks for the over-crowded classrooms.
The significance of the Metropolitan Planning Council/Urban Institute report I wrote about yesterday is that it puts new numbers to an old truth: that Chicago is one of the most segregated cities in the country, if not the most.
Racial segregation still prevails in most American cities, but varies widely across the nation. Portland is the nation's least segregated large city.
|Overall Rank||City||Household Diversity|
|2||Jersey City, NJ||164|
|3||New York, NY||165|
Apr 19, 2021
New York's is 73 percent. And Chicago's is 70 percent. The counterpart to the citywide diversity index is the neighborhood diversity index.
For black residents, Long Island is the most segregated suburb in America." Segregated patterns are continued in various ways, said V. Elaine Gross, director of Erase Racism, a group of business and community leaders that tries to foster integration on Long Island.
|Sayville, New York|
There is also a Long Island Koreatown. The racial and ethnic breakdown of Long Island: White: 85.8% Suffolk County, 77.3% Nassau County (New York: 71.2%) Black: 8.2% Suffolk, 12.2% Nassau (New York: 17.5%)
Lakeview has the Island's highest percentage of Black residents, according to the census, and was at 69.9% in 2020, down from 78.3% in 2010.
The Town of Oyster Bay and the Town of North Hempstead, which both already have significant Asian American populations, saw large percentage increases from 2013 to 2018. Oyster Bay saw a 26.9% increase, while North Hempstead saw a 30% increase.
There are nearly 3 million people living in Nassau and Suffolk, but when the residents of Queens and Brooklyn are included, the Island's total population is more than 7 million.
Long Island's population is growing more racially and ethnically diverse, as Asians and Hispanics, especially, continued to make gains, while the white population has declined between 2010 and 2019, according to census data released Thursday.