This plant contains many medicinal properties like anticancer, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antihyperglycemic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antiparasitic (Franklin et al. 2001). Terpene is also used to enhance skin penetration, prevent inflammatory diseases (Franklin et al.
Cannabinoids like CBD and THC are largely responsible for the psychoactive, therapeutic, and medicinal benefits of cannabis. Terpenes are lesser-known compounds found in cannabis and are responsible for flavor and smell.
There is good evidence suggesting that terpenes have direct physiological effects on the body, especially for linalool and limonene. This means that linalool-rich strains are likely to have a calming effect, and to provide pain relief, while limonene-rich strains are likely to be mood-elevating.
Examples of monoterpenes and monoterpenoids include geraniol, terpineol (present in lilacs), limonene (present in citrus fruits), myrcene (present in hops), linalool (present in lavender), hinokitiol (present in cypress trees) or pinene (present in pine trees). Iridoids derive from monoterpenes.
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However, there are dangers to using terpenes as well, especially in their pure, concentrated forms. In high concentrations, terpenes can relax the blood vessel walls and cause hypotension (low blood pressure) and dizziness. Concentrated forms can be toxic to our cells — causing irritation, pain, inflammation, and more.
More specifically, scientists identified that terpenes, a class of organic compounds found in marijuana, are responsible for the resulting carcinogens when smoked or vaporized.
Limonene is responsible for increasing serotonin levels which influences how weed affects our mood. That means these terpenes can influence neurotransmitters in our brain which entails that different strains may have different effects on our mood.
Terpenes are local irritants and thus are capable of causing GI signs and symptoms. CNS manifestations may range from an altered mental status to seizures to coma. Aspiration is a particular concern and can result in long-term complications or fatality.
Terpenes are entirely legal in the United States because they don't contain any THC. The molecular structure has nothing to do with cannabinoids other than the fact that they're produced in the same plant (Cannabis sativa).
Terpenes should never be vaped on their own because of their potency. They're almost always used with other botanical distillates or isolates. Terpenes aren't psychoactive. So, if your vape oil is made up of just terpenes and a carrier, you shouldn't expect a head change.
Strain-specific terpenes will taste like the cannabis strain, not the food or fruit it's named after. For example, Chocolate Cookies tastes like hash, spice, and coffee, just like the cannabis strain. It doesn't taste sugary sweet and chocolatey.
With that said, there are questions surrounding the safety of vaping terpenes. A recent lab study found that, when a liquid containing terpenes is converted into vapor, a number of toxic chemicals are produced. Among these are the carcinogen benzene and the flammable liquid xylene.
Flavor profile is amazing. Terpene tanks are the BOMB! 1/2 GRAM pods from terpene tanks surprised me on how long they lasted. 2 days worth of vaping pleasure out of a half gram pod!!!
While the inhalation of concentrated terpenes might not be without its drawbacks, it seems that occasionally inhaling natural concentrations of terpenes is not only not harmful, but might actually be beneficial for our health and wellness.
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