Overview. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical in the Cannabis sativa plant, also known as cannabis or hemp. One specific form of CBD is approved as a drug in the U.S. for seizure. Over 80 chemicals, known as cannabinoids, have been found in the Cannabis sativa plant.
It is not a narcotic. It can be formulated into pharmaceutical grade products for medicinal use. These should not be confused with preparations in circulation that are labelled as containing CBD but, in addition can contain amounts of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) over levels that can be tolerated in food.
Studies have shown that CBD may help reduce chronic pain by affecting endocannabinoid receptor activity, reducing inflammation, and interacting with neurotransmitters ( 4 ). Some research suggests that CBD may be effective for certain types of pain, including nerve pain and back pain, when used on its own.
According to the DEA, CBD is a Schedule I substance, which is illegal. The bill also removed all restrictions on the sale, transportation, and possession of hemp-derived CBD products. This means that these products can be transported across state lines, as long as the product meets the above criteria.
However, CBD is not identified as a chemical in schedule I or schedule II and is one of more than 100 identified cannabinoids contained within the cannabis plant. The nexus of cannabis law, policy, and regulations has evolved a great deal in the past decade.
Governor Gavin Newsom recently signed California Assembly Bill 45 (AB 45) into law, which, among other things, allows hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) to be included in any food, beverages, and dietary supplements sold in California.
Technically, CBD is still considered a Schedule I drug under federal law. Hemp has been removed from the Controlled Substances Act, but the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) still classify CBD as a Schedule I drug.
Hemp oil typically has more nutritional benefits, while CBD oil is best for treating the conditions we mentioned above (anxiety and depression). And, when it comes to hemp oil and CBD oil for pain relief, CBD oil wins (although hemp oil can help as well).