Thunder is caused by lightning, which is essentially a stream of electrons flowing between or within clouds, or between a cloud and the ground. The air surrounding the electron stream is heated to as hot as 50,000 degrees Farhenheit, which is three times hotter than the surface of the sun.
Lightning is hot hotter than the surface of the Sun. When lightning strikes it quickly heats the airMoreLightning is hot hotter than the surface of the Sun. When lightning strikes it quickly heats the air around it the hot air expands moving out and away from the lightning strikes.
No, it is not possible to have thunder without lightning. Thunder starts as a shockwave from the explosively expanding lightning channel when a large current causes rapid heating. However, it is possible that you might see lightning and not hear the thunder because it was too far away.
Why is thunder so loud? It's because the amount of electrical energy that flows from the cloud to the ground is so enormous: it's like a very big waterfall of electricity. The louder the sound that you hear, the closer you are to the lightning. Light travels through air much faster than sound.
Why does the house shake when there is a thunder storm? Your house will shake depending the closeness of the lightning. Thunder is a sonic boom that comes from the rapid heating of the air around a lightning strike. Sonic booms cause massive shaking to nearby objects (your house).
Typically, a sharp crack or click will indicate that the lightning channel passed nearby. If the thunder sounds more like a rumble, the lightning was at least several miles away. The loud boom that you sometimes hear is created by the main lightning channel as it reaches the ground.
The explosion was loud enough that this level of noise was recorded many miles away from the site of the blast. A sound of 174 decibels was recorded by barometers 100 miles from Krakatoa. That meant anyone within an 100 mile radius of Krakatoa had a chance of being literally deafened by this sound.
The geographical location combined with the shape of Florida's peninsula is the number one reason thunderstorms develop almost every afternoon. Florida's peninsula is surrounded by water that is relatively cooler than the afternoon temperatures over land.
This leaves a warmer layer in the upper atmosphere until the next day's sun heats the ground and then we warm from the ground up. When we have a thunderstorm at night, sound bounces off of that warm layer and has nowhere else to go but down and to our ears. This is why it's much louder at night.
“Cell phones, small metal items, jewelry, etc., do not attract lightning. Nothing attracts lightning. Lightning tends to strike taller objects,” said John Jensenius, a NOAA National Weather Service lightning expert. “People are struck because they are in the wrong place at the wrong time.
Being caught in a thunderstorm or preparing for extreme weather conditions can create reasonable levels of anxiety or fear. In people with astraphobia, thunderstorms cause an extreme reaction that can be debilitating. For people with this phobia, these feelings may be overwhelming and feel insurmountable.
Identify a comfortable and fun place in the house to go to during non-emergent storms that is relaxing and positive; finding a place away from windows, and the sights and sounds of the storm is often helpful. If it's not a bedroom, consider bringing pillows, blankets and other items to make the space feel cozy.
To get to sleep you will need to drown out the crashing thunder. One method is to use earplugs. You can buy these at any pharmacy in a variety of kinds, including foam, cotton, or wax. If you don't find ear plugs comfortable enough to fall asleep, try listening to soothing music or even a white noise machine.
The theory is that the thunderstorms' high winds carry pollen grains at ground level, which then get into the lower part of your airway. That can bring on symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and noisy or fast breathing.
If your fear of thunderstorms is so severe that you are always scared of the next thunderstorm, or it is interfering with your daily life, you should see a therapist. Fear of thunderstorms is a real phobia that can cause severe anxiety and lead to physical symptoms.
Astraphobia is the extreme fear of thunder and lightning. It's most common in children.
When lightning strikes a house or apartment, the ensuing damage can be extensive. Lightning can cause serious structural damage to a building and may destroy property within the home. Some of the broad categories of losses may include: Damage to a home's electrical wiring.
How can I help my child overcome fears about storms?
Apr 20, 2021
It's not uncommon for kids to be afraid of thunderstorms. Even though thunderstorms aren't dangerous, they create loud noise that can be scary to children. If your child or toddler is afraid of thunder, one of the best things you can do is teach them about it.
Babies. The good news is, more often than not, I've noticed that babies who have solid sleep skills often sleep right through storms and other loud noises outdoors. However, if your baby does wake up, first wait 10 minutes to see if he'll put himself back to sleep. If he's an independent sleeper, chances are he will!
Tips to Help Keep Kids Calm During the Storm